01:32 | Der8auer’s Nano-Constructions Imaging

Fellow YouTuber Der8auer posted a three-part collection that we wished to carry some consideration to. Roman’s collection makes use of a scanning electron microscope to visualise the AMD Ryzen silicon nano-structures at greater than 100,000 magnification. Roman and the on-site engineer undergo the photographs in nice element and discuss in regards to the constructions comprising the CPU: Amongst different points of the silicon, Roman reveals simply how small the composition of the silicon is, and zooms in on elements of the gates and interconnects inside the CPU.

It’s a really academic collection and is well-produced. We’d suggest visiting Der8auer on YouTube to take a look at the collection, accessible in English und auf Deutsch.

Supply: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pYF7Qym9Pq0

03:04 | Researchers Exploring Embedded Liquid Cooling 

Even for all of its fashionable RGB LEDs, there’s nonetheless a certain quantity of intrinsic inefficiency in liquid cooling a chip or element — specifically in transferring the warmth load into the chilly plate, and subsequently getting it into the liquid itself.

New analysis being finished in Switzerland appears to indicate some promising advances in liquid cooling, although. Primarily in bringing liquid cooling on to the chip itself, through cooling channels immediately on high of the chip package deal. To reveal this on a semiconductor, researchers used  gallium nitride (GaN) atop a silicon wafer to construct a easy energy conversion chip.

To construct the embedded cooling system, slits are reduce by means of the GaN, reaching all the way down to the silicon beneath. Then, these slits are etched on the silicon degree to widen them into channels. Then, the cuts made by means of the GaN are then sealed with copper. Water flows by means of the channels beneath the silicon through feeds and sinks. 

The researchers then packaged this cooling system by utilizing a double-sided adhesive with laser-cut channels to accommodate the chip’s cooling, and your complete package deal was affixed to a PCB with connections for each energy and water provide. General, the researchers famous that the design is ready to deal with warmth hundreds as much as 1,700W per sq. centimeter, whereas retaining the chip temperature from rising past 60°C. Whereas adapting this technique to fashionable processors and silicon could be way more sophisticated, it’s promising analysis nonetheless.           

Supply: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2666-1

https://arstechnica.com/science/2020/09/researchers-demonstrate-in-chip-water-cooling/

05:14 | AMD: Large Navi and Zen Three in October

AMD lastly made it clear once we’d have the ability to see Zen Three and RDNA 2 (Large Navi) elements by asserting a future announcement — such is the present development. NVIDIA did it for 21 days straight main into RTX and ASUS did it after that, and now it’s AMD’s flip to pre-announce an announcement, with the RDNA2 announcement touchdown suspiciously at some point after its earnings name.

AMD introduced that it’s going to reveal Ryzen 4000 “Vermeer” CPUs based mostly on Zen 3, and RDNA 2-based GPUs on October eighth and 28th, respectively. These kinds of bulletins sometimes predate product availability by no less than every week or two, though it’s doable AMD is doing availability at announcement, relying on how assured it’s. If this will get introduced first and is obtainable later, AMD would wish to hit the Black Friday shopping for window to maximise impression — nevertheless it’s additionally splitting silicon for consoles and CPUs, since a lot of what AMD is presently making is on the identical wafer provide. AMD should work out learn how to break up the restricted provide between its merchandise: Consoles may have buy orders that in all probability can’t be modified on-the-fly, particularly with anticipated excessive quantity, however will present some money circulate; CPUs, if utilizing shared wafer provide, may probably be greater margin per portion of wafer, which will probably be a tricky steadiness if stock is in demand on Ryzen CPUs. Devoted GPUs appear the simplest to scale down if provide is required for greater margin elsewhere, particularly with bigger dies for the GPUs that may have decrease yield than smaller CPU silicon.

Beforehand, there was additionally an easter egg in Fortnite suggesting the brand new GPUs could be referred to as the RX 6000 collection. The easter egg is manner cooler as a pre-announcement tease, and is product teasers finished proper, we expect. 

Clearly, we’ll have to attend and see simply precisely how AMD goes to place its new GPUs, however there’s loads of precedent for final minute value cuts between AMD and Nvidia. AMD pulled the same stunt with its RX 5000 collection as a countermeasure to try to deflate Nvidia’s RTX Tremendous collection. Equally, Nvidia would find yourself dropping the worth of its RTX 2060 in response to AMD’s aggressive pricing within the phase.

Supply:  https://hothardware.com/information/amd-big-navi-radeon-6000-16gb-priced-undercut-rtx-3080

Radeon RX 6000 Sequence: https://twitter.com/Radeon/standing/1303726639013036033

Zen 3/Ryzen 4000: https://twitter.com/AMDRyzen/standing/1303732899506774022

10:35 | Xbox Sequence X & S Pricing, Promising AMD SOCs

After a leak that claimed a $299 price ticket for the then-unconfirmed Xbox Sequence S, Microsoft got here out and confirmed each the console and the worth. Microsoft additionally introduced that the Xbox Sequence X will probably be priced at $499, and that each consoles will probably be accessible on November 10th. Alongside the brand new consoles, Microsoft is rolling-out a revamped Sport Move Final subscription that comes with an EA Play subscription at no extra value, in addition to financing choices for buying the brand new consoles.

Unsurprisingly, the most important adjustments come within the type of a pared-down GPU, much less GDDR6 reminiscence, and fewer strong state storage. The Sequence S makes use of a 7nm, 8C Zen 2 SoC, however is offset with a barely decrease CPU clock velocity of three.6GHz. In the meantime, the GPU runs at 1.56GHz throughout 20 CUs. That’s in comparison with the 52 CUs clocked at 1.82GHz for the Sequence X.

Moreover, the Sequence S will come geared up with 10GB of GDDR6, apportioned as 8GB @ 224 GB/s, and 2GB at 56GB/s. For storage, there’s a 512GB PCIe 4.Zero NVMe SSD, and Microsoft’s proprietary 1TB enlargement card slot.

Curiously, there are implications with Xcloud right here: The 20 CU vs. 52 CU configurations must be extensively various in capabilities, but when Microsoft intends to successfully ship a massively extra highly effective Chromecast-style machine, it may tie into Xcloud for the extra demanding video games. That’s doubly true when contemplating the brand new push on sport move subscriptions.

The Xbox Sequence S is focusing on Four TFLOPs of compute, in comparison with the 12.15 TFLOPs score for the Xbox Sequence X. That is largely a ineffective quantity, nevertheless it’s one which each Microsoft and Sony insist on pushing, so right here we’re. The Xbox Sequence S will probably be primarily aimed toward 1440p/120FPS gaming, and appears to be positioned as a successor to the Xbox One S.

Whereas all eyes are squarely on Sony now, there’s already been a rumor that implies its PS5 {hardware} was priced a bit extra exorbitantly than Microsoft’s. In response to the rumor, Sony is now possible trying to match costs with Microsoft in response to the pricing of the Xbox Sequence X and Sequence S.

AMD’s console GPUs look actually promising this era, too, and we’re excited to check the brand new consoles and see how they do. Keep in mind that, with console GPUs, there’s all the time a serious inherent benefit in that builders solely have one (or two) commonplace units of {hardware} to construct for. If everybody has that {hardware}, it’s theoretically simpler to optimize towards it. That’s why you see consoles operating video games that look extra spectacular than you would possibly discover equal efficiency for in a PC utility.

Supply:  https://information.xbox.com/en-us/2020/09/09/introducing-xbox-series-s/

https://information.xbox.com/en-us/2020/09/09/xbox-series-x-and-xbox-series-s-launching-november-10/

15:21 | Western Digital’s “5400 RPM-Class” Designation 

It appears Western Digital is eager on attracting but extra ire from customers. This time, it appears Western Digital is muddying the water on spindle speeds, because it pertains to its WD Purple line of NAS HDDs.

In response to Ars Technica, this difficulty truly got here to gentle round a 12 months in the past through german {hardware} web site Hardwareluxx.de, nevertheless it’s solely just lately been lit aflame in earnest due to a put up on r/DataHoarder. The crux of the difficulty is Wesern Digital figuring out sure WD Purple HDDs as “5400 RPM-class” regardless of proof that the drives truly spin at 7200 RPMs. Moreover, the 5400 RPM-class designation doesn’t appear to be restricted to only WD Reds, but in addition sure fashions from the My Parts and My Ebook strains. Nevertheless, the 5400 RPM-class points do appear to solely have an effect on 8TB fashions. 

Once more, this difficulty isn’t totally new; one other reddit person, u/Amaroko, beforehand posted his findings with the WD Parts WD80EMAZ and WD My Ebook WD80EZAZ fashions. Not solely are HDDs being marketed as 5400 RPMs fashions, however the firmware additionally reviews a spindle velocity of 5400 RPMs. Consumer findings are contradicting that.  

“Final 12 months, I purchased a couple of of those drives myself (each WD80EMAZ-00WJTA0 and WD80EZAZ-11TDBA0). When somebody on a German discussion board instructed me that they have been truly 7200 rpm, I did not imagine them at first both. However then I took a microphone and began measuring. You see, 7200 rpm is the same as 120 rotations per second, which ought to manifest as a base frequency of 120 Hz. Plus perhaps integer multiples of that frequency (240 Hz, 360 Hz, 480 Hz, and so on.), so-called overtones/harmonics. 5400 rpm however corresponds to 90 Hz. Due to this fact, it must be straightforward to inform the distinction between the 2,” writes u/Amaroko. 

Amoroko got here to this conclusion after a fast frequency evaluation on the laborious drives, whereby the HDDs have been positioned on a cardboard field with a Yeti mic positioned above them, and recording the drives being powered on. Spectral views have been then captured with Adobe Audition, which confirmed a baseline frequency of 120Hz.

There have additionally been reviews of affected drives receiving complaints concerning noise and temperature, which possible stems from the drives not truly being 5400 RPM drives. A main purpose some customers and purposes choose 5400 RPM drives is decrease noise and working temperatures. 

Ars Technica reached out to Western Digital, and obtained the next assertion:

“For choose merchandise, Western Digital has printed RPM velocity inside a ‘class’ or ‘efficiency class’ for quite a few years relatively than publishing particular spindle speeds. We additionally fine-tune choose laborious drive platforms and the associated HDD traits to create a number of completely different variations of such platforms to satisfy completely different market or utility wants. By doing so, we’re in a position to leverage our economies of scale and move alongside these financial savings to our clients. As with each Western Digital product, our product particulars, which embrace energy, acoustics and efficiency (knowledge switch price), are examined to satisfy the specs offered on the product’s knowledge sheet and advertising collateral.”  

Supply:  https://arstechnica.com/devices/2020/09/western-digital-is-trying-to-redefine-the-word-rpm/

18:46 | RTX 3090/3080 Waterblocks Floor

When Nvidia confirmed off its new RTX 3000-series playing cards, they boasted a brand new flow-through cooling design from Nvidia aimed toward getting extra air by means of the cardboard, and subsequently extra sizzling air out of it. In facilitating this, the FE playing cards use a truncated customized PCB. Nvidia has a extra conventional reference design that may exit to AIB companions, and firms like EKWB are already engaged on water blocks based mostly on this design.

Nevertheless, it appears Bykski has already produced water blocks which can be suitable with the PCB discovered within the FE playing cards, particularly that of the RTX 3090 and RTX 3080. The blocks are listed over at ezmodding, and are available in numerous finishes (acrylic, acetal, and so on.) and are said to be full protection water blocks — which means the blocks ought to present protection for not solely the GPU, but in addition the VRAM and VRM. 

These blocks look like accessible for preorder, and ezmodding additionally has placeholders for upcoming AIB fashions as nicely.    

Supply: https://ezmodding.com/index.php?okay=199&lang=eng

21:26 | Cryorig Returns With R5 CPU Cooler and Crona RGB Followers

We’ve been speaking in regards to the potential return of Cryorig to the US marketplace for a while. Most just lately, the corporate teased an upcoming product with the phrase “5OON.” And whereas we had some laughs on the advertising, what Cyrorig was truly teasing was the now official Cryorig R5 CPU cooler, which can function the most recent entry in Cryorig’s R-series of coolers.

The R5 cooler is a CPU tower cooler with twin followers, and has some attention-grabbing options and claims, akin to a “quick-mount” mounting system that supposedly permits for one-handed set up. The R5 makes use of 6 warmth pipes, and comes with a TDP score of 200W. Cyrorig hasn’t talked about many technical particulars on how the mounting system works. Cyrorig is itemizing a entrance fin density of 48, and entrance fin measurements of T = 0.Four mm,  hole = 2 mm.

Cyrorig additionally introduced its new Crona RGB followers. That’s Crona, to not be confused with a sure demonetizing human malware epidemic which will or might not have the same enunciation. At any price, the Crona RGB followers are 120mm followers that function a round RGB LED design and use Cryorig’s HPLN (Excessive Precision Low Noise) bearing design.

Worth and availability are TBA.    

Supply: http://www.cryorig.com/information.php?id=90&web page=1

23:39 | RTX 3090/3080 Binning 

A brand new report from Igor’s Lab means that the standard of the upcoming RTX 3000 chips could also be a bit scattered. If it wasn’t already clear, Igor has a transparent pulse on the GPU trade and market, as he just lately nailed the RTX 3000 launch. So, this data is probably going extremely dependable.

Stepping into specifics, each the upcoming RTX 3090 and 3080 will make use of the GA102 die, which itself relies on a customized adaptation of Samsung’s 8nm course of, dubbed 8N Nvidia. No matter node maturity, the GA102 is massive and sophisticated, and as ever, it is going to take a while to high-quality tune the manufacturing to extract one of the best chips. 

That mentioned, Igor’s Lab is reporting some binning statistics for some preliminary manufacturing of the GA102-based chips for the RTX 3080. Sorted into bin 0 (common), bin 1 (good), and bin 2 (actually good), the early chips appear to skew in direction of bin 1, reportedly accounting for a 60% common of chips. One other 30% make up bin 0, and 10% of the GA102 chips are bin 2. 

Whereas Igor’s sources declare that they haven’t obtained almost as many chips for RTX 3090 fashions, it’s reported that the general bins will possible look related. This knowledge means that total, Samsung’s customized 8nm course of for Nvidia could be very wholesome, as most customers stand an excellent probability at getting a bin 1 chip. Igor is citing undisclosed sources at distributors and board companions for these numbers, however once more, Igor’s monitor report is superb.

Supply: https://www.igorslab.de/en/chip-is-not-equal-to-chip-first-information-on-the-possibility-to-binning-and-dispersal-at-the-force-rtx-3080-andrtx-3090/

Editorial: Eric Hamilton
Host, Extra Reporting: Steve Burke
Video: Keegan Gallick

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